The Soft Cage

On a typical day, you might make a call on a cell phone, withdraw money at an ATM, visit the mall, and make a purchase with a credit card.  Each of these routine transactions leaves a digital trail, logging your movements, schedules, habits, and political beliefs for government agencies and businesses to access.  As cutting-edge historian and journalist Christian Parenti points out, these everyday intrusions on privacy, while harmless in themselves, are part of a relentless (and clandestine) expansion of routine surveillance in American life over the last two centuries – from controlling slaves in the old South to implementing early criminal justice and tracking immigrants.  Parenti explores the role computers are playing in creating a whole new world of seemingly benign technologies – such as credit cards, Web site “cookies,” and electronic toll collection – that have expanded this trend in the twenty-first century.

The Soft Cage offers a compelling, vitally important history lesson for every American concerned about the expansion of surveillance into our public and private lives.

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